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German what is possessive article in german Possessive Pronouns Your Essential Guide
German what is possessive article in german Possessive Pronouns Your Essential Guide
Instead, I suggest that you learn the formula for how to work with German possessive pronouns. The 6 possessive pronouns in English are mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs. You’ll have less to memorize, and you also see the beautiful rhyme & reason behind many German grammar structures. So, let’s put another feather in your cap — it’s time to learn possessive pronouns! You can use a chart like the one above that has everything spelled out for you. But it might become a crutch that holds you back from fluently speaking German. Possessive pronouns are used to indicate who owns / possesses whatever noun is being replaced: What we need to do in these instances is add a little glue in the form of an ‘e’: meiner, meinen, meinem. ???? I know that that can already sound a little scary — I mean, 6 pronouns x 5 declensions = 30 different possessive pronoun options to choose between. Yikes. Now, all that is left is to combine your ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun with the declension. A possessive pronoun replaces a noun phrase that also has a possessive determiner at the start of it: You have the 3 cases on the left-hand side. Each case is then split into genders: masculine , neuter , and feminine , and plural . . It’s all well-and-good to talk about the cat, a cat, even this cat or every cat, etc. Maybe you’ve even learned how to say that’s my cat . The nominative personal pronouns ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, sie are listed across the top. OK, find the spot on the chart where masculine & accusative intersect: The red one is yours. // Yours is the red one. Note: this is why the German possessive pronouns above are all listed with dashes at the end — those dashes get replaced with different single-letter declensions that reflect the gender & case of the noun you’re replacing with the possessive pronoun. But how do you say ‘that cat is mine ’ when you’re in a situation that urgently calls for distinguishing between cats and/or between their pets … er, owners? NOTE: Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession of non-people! The pencil / car / soda / cat / jacket … is mine. But not The grandma / the baby / the husband … is mine. If you want to express possession of people , you need to use a possessive determiner: my, your, his, her, our, and their. Again, the benefit of learning declensions this way — where you need to know the formulas & patterns for using it — is that then you are not dependent on being spoon-fed German. If you learn principles & patterns, then you can ‘plug different values into the formula’ to also always get the exact answer that you need — but in a much more self-sufficient, practical, efficient way that supports fluent speaking. Step 1: Pick out the corresponding ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun that lines up with whoever owns the noun in question — is the pencil mine ? yours ? theirs ? etc. Thankfully, there’s a chart for that! It will do all the heavy-lifting for you! If your goal is to speak fluent German, then this is the chart for you. Now, here is the awesome part: ALL of these points on English possessive pronouns also apply to German possessive pronouns — SWEET! If you’re not already familiar with declensions as part of the German case system, don’t worry! I’m going to walk you through what you need to in the very next section! What is the declension listed there? Yes. An ‘n’.
As you can see, possessive pronouns are shortcuts that save us from needing to repeat ourselves all the time. And that’s handy! Step 2: Find the corresponding place in the All-In-One Declensions Chart that matches the gender & case of the noun . So, here is your ONE set of 6 total possessive pronouns to learn: It’d be pretty hard to pronounce meinr, meinn, or meinm , don’t you think? After you have that sorted out, then what you need to know is this: Good job. We need that filler ‘e’! seiner is then the result. In fact, this concept of working with formulas & patterns, etc. applies to many other aspects of German grammar as well. The all-in-one chart I’m going to share with you is a declensions chart that replaces a whopping 10 conventional charts! what is possessive article in german !! ANSWER: Ich habe meinen Kuchen aufgegessen. Hast du noch deinen ? Note: the ‘e’ filler/glue for the neuter nominative & accusative is also optional: e.g. both meines AND meins are acceptable. Usually, a possessive pronoun is the very last word in a sentence: But in German, we have 6 ‘root’ possessive pronouns that then take little changes on their tailends. Example: that crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail is my crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail   MINE ! German what is possessive article in german Possessive Pronouns Your Essential Guide
German what is possessive article in german Possessive Pronouns Your Essential Guide
Maybe you’ve already learned the personal pronouns in the nominative , accusative , and dative . If so, that’s SPLENDID. Usually,possessive pronouns might be learned with an intense chart like this: There are a lot of pronouns in English, but even more in German — BUT there are just 6 possessive pronouns in both languages! That is totally manageable. Rather than spelling out each possessive pronoun with each possible declension attached to it, this is a chart of JUST the single-letter declensions that get added to the ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronouns. When to use a German possessive pronoun is very easy: you use them exactly in those same instances that you’d use a possessive pronoun in English. So, that’s pretty straightforward. The trickiest aspects of this list are … German possessive pronouns must take declensions   in order for you to use them! You can see the gender options listed across the top and the case options listed down the left side . This chart puts the power in your hands and the sky’s the limit! Whatever you need to decline in German, this chart helps you do it. Example: that crazy cat with 3 legs and a stumpy tail → it Just as in English, German possessive pronouns are … General rule of thumb: if you have words in English you use frequently, you probably want to learn them in German ????. I’m going to give you the 3 things you need to know: to whom the noun belongs, and the gender and case of the noun. Pronoun: sein- Noun: der Bleistift Case: nominative As you may know, pronouns are simple, sweet, widely-used words that replace nouns / noun phrases, no matter how short or long! Always add an ‘e’ if there’s not one there already: meinEr, but not meinEe . That crazy cat is my crazy cat → That crazy cat is mine. GO STRAIGHT TO THE CHART SECTION OR START HERE: These added ‘e’s don’t mean anything — they are just filler — but they almost always need to be added between a root/base possessive pronoun & the desired declension . The three things you need to know are these: What is the declension listed there? Yes. An ‘r’. In fact, the only time they don’t need to be added is when the -e declension is listed in the chart . In other words, ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A CHART LIKE THIS? IF SO, YOU’RE LEARNING IT WRONG. It’s the how to use a German possessive pronoun that is harder. In English we have just 6 possessive pronouns and done! There are 5 possible declensions , so there are 5 ways to say each possessive pronoun, e.g. meinem, meinen, meiner, meine, meins . No, really. Maybe you don’t need to talk about cats. But I bet that you still use the possessive pronouns mine, yours, his, hers, ours, and theirs often enough! Pronoun: dein – Noun: der Kuchen Case: accusative Let’s see if you can 1) find the correct spot on the chart and 2) correctly combine the possessive pronoun root with the declension it needs. If you try to do that with mein- , you would get meinr, meine, meins, meinn, meinm dependent on where on the chart you are. Since Bleistift is masculine and you know it’s the subject , can you find the right spot on the chart? Nice!!! So, if you know the gender of your noun AND the case it’s in AND which person is being referred , then you can find the corresponding part on the chart that gives you exactly the possessive pronoun you’re looking for — the declensions are already added on for you. PO BOX 173 PAULLINA, IA 51046 |  303-8842  | If you add the ‘n’ to ‘dein’ , you get deinen. If you add the ‘r’ to ‘sein’, article 36 tfeu explained