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German what is possessive article in german Possessive Adjectives Your Essential Guide
German what is possessive article in german Possessive Adjectives Your Essential Guide
The possessive determiners belong to a sub-group of determiners called ein-word determiners . My final beef with the conventional way: by studying all sorts of separate everything-spelled-out charts , you don’t see the patterns, the relationships, the logic, the ways that all this German grammar stuff actually connects and makes sense. Just as with the neuter example, there is a strong declension listed BUT there is also one of our 3 instances of the no declension symbol. All you need to know for possessive determiners, though, is that they will always take the strong declension … except in the 3 spots where you see a no declension symbol. Step 1: Katzen is in the plural nominative Step 2: Go to the ‘plural’ column on top & match upwith the ‘nominative’ row on the side German’s 5 single-letter declensions signal or ‘flag’ the gender & case of the noun that follows. Here’s the smarter way: You need to understand how you can take base components of German, slightly alter them and piece them together in a way that makes sense. In German, word order isn’t such a big deal. Because it’s the declensions that are put onto determiners & adjectives that tell us about the following noun — is it the subject? an object? If you’re using a possessive ‘adjective’, you are using it in combination with a noun. We can’t just say ‘my’ or ‘your’ — we have to say ‘my’ or ‘your’ what . To make these into possessive determiners , you have to put on the correct declensions because those declensions provide us with crucial information about the modified nouns. But there are a few problems with this conventional method. This is the full All-In-One Declensions chart , but as we continue our discussion of when & how to use possessive determiners, we’ll actually work with an abbreviated version that suits just that specific need. I just wanted you to briefly see the whole thing as a sneak peek! Modifying words always come in front of a noun. They always tell us something about that noun — whose pen? whose dog? If you need some tips for how to know the gender of your noun or how to know the case of your noun , do some background reading on that! Adjectives : describe some feature of the noun . German declensions are part of the “ German case system ”. ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A CHART LIKE THIS? IF SO, YOU’RE LEARNING IT WRONG. GO STRAIGHT TO THE CHART SECTION OR START HERE: De r Mann liebt di e Frau. Di e Frau liebt de r Mann. You can read up on possessive pronouns here , but in this guide, we’re going to focus on the possessive adjectives ! Possessive adjectives are words such as my, your, his, her, its, our and their. But sometimes these words are called possessive articles or possessive determiners. How to use the All-In-One chart for German possessive pronouns is very simple. All of the German grammar details actually tie together really nicely. Or, in other words, we have to know what case the noun is in in order to know what it’s doing in the sentence — is it the subject? the direct object? the indirect object? You’ll also notice the two ways to say ‘y’alls’ . The case is the info that actually matters; gender is just part & parcel with each German noun . So, the noun’s gender is simply along for the ride. Here again is the list of possessive base-words to which add the correct declensions to make them into possessive determiners specifically . Except in those 3 spots, ein-word determiners behave like any other determiner: they take the strong declension listed for that gender/case intersection. There are 2 types of words that modify nouns and therefore need declensions: Studying all the ‘fiddly grammar bits’ — all the tiny words like the, a, some, my, and, but, etc. — that can feel like a tedious slog. These four exercises were all in the nominative case, but we can use this same chart for accusative, dative, and genitive. Just follow the same provided steps! We didn’t practice this here, but note that wherever the listed strong declension is any letter other than ‘e’, you need to add an ‘e’ between the possessive base-word and the declension . In this guide, you’ll learn the following: mein- dein- Ihr- sein- ihr- sein- unser- euer / eur- ihr- The ein-word determiners do NOT take declensions in those 3 spots you see in the chart: Those two types of possessives are clearly very similar in English. And they are in German, too! For possessive determiners, we opt for the no declension whenever that’s a listed option. So, we don’t actually add an ending onto mein for this example . Possessive determiners & possessive pronouns have the same German base-words in common: It might seem easy right away, but in the long-run, learning this way will hold you back from speaking German as well as you can . All right! Let’s make this real by doing some practice examples with each gender in the nominative case. STEP 3: your = dein- STEP 4:Plug dein into the selected slot on the chart. My dog is brown vs. That brown dog is mine . I know that you can figure out on your own if you want to say my pencilvs. your pencil . That’s a matter of when to use a possessive, and that’s simple: just about whenever you would in English! How to use the possessive base words is a different animal. You need to be able to slightly change those base-words so you can use them as either possessive determiners or pronouns. STEP 1: Pferd is in the neuter nominative STEP 2: Go to the ‘neuter’ column on top & match up with the ‘nominative’ row on the side But the two types of possessives function differently, for example: There are two possessive base-words that do double duty. Every German noun is ‘in a case’:  nominative , accusative , dative , or genitive . The very first thing you need to know is that there’s some labeling confusion when it comes to ‘possessive adjectives’ It’s much more efficient, more effective, requires less brain-power, and supports fluency. Ready? For our purposes here, I’m going to assume you’ve got a handle on German noun gender & case . In English, we know who is who in a sentence because of word order. Saying, for example, the man loves the woman means something different from the woman loves the man, right? It’s the same words, but a different order. I know that being able to just pick out the exact word you need has some initial appeal … That’s how we speak English and that’s how you can speak German, too. what is possessive article in german Note that, like ‘ihr’ as a possessive determiner ^^, all pronouns for the 3rd Person Singular, 3rd Person Plural, and the 2nd Person Formal always match . Again, the declensions on determiners & adjectives coming in front of nouns clue us in to that noun’s case, so we can know who is who in the sentence. Learn how to think for yourself, make the right declension choices, and be empowered as a German-learner! Study just this one chart of all declensions you’ll ever use in German: The noun’s case is connected to the role the noun plays in the sentence. Step 3: our = unser- Step 4: plug in the listed strong declension: -e For example, even as a beginner German speaker, it’s important to know possessive adjectives : important words like my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. It’s pretty useless if you don’t know how to properly use these possessives. PO BOX 173 PAULLINA, IA 51046 |  303-8842  | STEP 3: her = ihr STEP 4:Plug ihr into the selected slot on the chart. This is why it’s important to call possessive ‘adjectives’ possessive determiners . Because there are just those 2 types of words that come in front of nouns , but they work differently! One of these 5 declension options has to be put on the tailend of every word that modifies a noun — i.e. comes in front of a noun . I just translated those English examples word-for-word … but, the meaning of them both is the same: the man loves the woman. The bolded letters are the declensions that tell us so! Did you notice those dashes after each German possessive base-word? We need to add some extra letters there, but it’s a bit of a process to know which ones to use and when . In order to put the correct declension on a possessive base , you have to find the right gender/case intersection on this All-In-One Chart and then put on the strong declension listed there: STEP 1: Know the gender & case of noun you’re modifying. STEP 2: Find the corresponding slot on the chart. STEP 3: Pick the possessive pronoun you want. STEP 4: Plug the pronoun into the chart by adding the provided ending onto it.
German is a really fantastic language! And you can handle even the grammar parts if you know how to learn them smarter, not harder. mein- dein- Ihr- sein- ihr- sein- unser- euer / eur- ihr- Anytime we modify a noun we have to know three things: STEP 1: Katze is in the feminine nominative STEP 2: Go the ‘feminine’ column on top & match up with the ‘nominative’ row on the side There is a -s strong declension in this spot on the chart, BUT there is also one of 3 no declension symbols present, which is what we want: we use just ihr   with no declension added . It has allllll the possessive determiners spelled out for you . Exception: if you’re in the masculine nominative, neuter nominative, or neuter accusative, your possessive determiner takes no declension at all. These possessive ‘adjectives’ are modifying the nouns that come after them. ‘My’ is modifying ‘pen’. ‘Your’ is modifying ‘dog.’ Etc. Possessive determiner is a much better term to use — it’s a more accurate description of how you actually use these words in German. Said another way; possessive adjectives = ???? and possessive determiner = ???? . There is an -e in this spot on the chart, which means we add -e onto mein = mein e . STEP 1: Hund is in the masculine nominative STEP 2: Go to the ‘masculine’ column on top & match up with the ‘nominative’ row on the side And the possessive ‘adjectives’ my, your, his, her, its, our and their don’t modify nouns the adjective-way — they do it the determiner-way. ???? Learning German phrases or even just some nouns feel so satisfying … like you’re really getting somewhere with your growing German skills. The ‘slight changes’ that happen on the tailends of many words in German are called declensions. Declensions are just these FIVE single-letters: -m, -r, -n, -s, -e. The other type is possessive pronouns , which are words such as mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, and theirs. Instead of studying multiple charts that have all the work done for you, with less overall effort you can learn how to learn German. With the good intention of trying to make things easier for German students, conventionally, you might see a chart like this for possessive adjectives : This is actually an abbreviated version of the full All-In-One Declensions Chart . The declensions on the determiners are the same, so the meaning is the same. Even though the word order is different. Cool, huh? STEP 3: my = mein STEP 4:Plug mein into the selected slot on the chart. But it’s those little words that actually get used the most! They help string everything together. Determiners : a, the, some, few, this, etc. that tell us how many of the noun or which one. Learning those possessive base-words listed above a great start! You do need to have that vocab under your belt. Not only is the everything-spelled-out chart pretty dang visually overwhelming and intimidating, but it’s also a crutch. If you want to speak German well, you need to work with formulas or patterns . So, keep reading for specific info on what you need to know about using declensions with possessive ‘adjectives’ . German what is possessive article in german Possessive Adjectives Your Essential Guide
German what is possessive article in german Possessive Adjectives Your Essential Guide
It’s frequently confusing to German-learners that so many ‘little words’ get reused a lot! mein- dein- Ihr- sein- ihr- sein- unser- euer / eur- ihr- If you know the gender of your noun and the case it needs to be in, locating the right spot in the All-In-One Declensions Chart is easy: trace the column & row until your fingers meet! Instead of working with conventional charts that spell out each isolated word for you, you can learn a handful of base words and the patterns for what changes need to happen to all of them in particular situations. Think about it: whether you’re referring to a pet, a car, a snack, or whatever … how often do you use just a generic ‘the’ or ‘a’ … and how often do you talk about who those things belong to ? what does the legislative branch do in checks and